Set Up Speed and Duplex

In the default mode, an Intel® Network Adapter using copper connections will attempt to auto-negotiate with its link partner to determine the best setting. If the adapter cannot establish link with the link partner using auto-negotiation, you may need to manually configure the adapter and link partner to identical settings to establish link and pass packets. This should only be needed when attempting to link with an older switch that does not support auto-negotiation or one that has been forced to a specific speed or duplex mode.

CAUTION: Only experienced network administrators should force speed and duplex manually. The settings at the switch must always match the adapter settings. Adapter performance may suffer or your adapter may not operate if you configure the adapter differently from your switch.

Your link partner must match the setting you choose.

Fiber-based adapters operate only in full duplex, and only at their native speed.

Configuring Speed and Duplex in Microsoft* Windows*

By default, auto-negotiation is enabled. Change this setting only to match your link partner.

  1. Navigate to the Device Manager.

  2. Open Properties on the adapter you would like to configure.

  3. Click the Link Speed tab.

  4. Select the appropriate speed and duplex from the Speed and Duplex pull down menu.

  5. Click OK.

Intel® Gigabit Network Adapter Considerations

Per the IEEE specification, gigabit speed is available only in full-duplex.

The settings available when auto-negotiation is disabled are:

Intel® 10 Gigabit Network Adapter Considerations

Intel® 10 Gigabit adapters that support 1 gigabit speed allow you to configure the Speed setting. If this option is not present, your adapter only runs at its native speed.

If the adapter cannot establish link with the gigabit link partner using auto-negotiation, set the adapter to 1 Gbps Full duplex.

Intel 10 gigabit fiber-based adapters and SFP direct-attach devices operate only in full duplex, and only at their native speed. Multi-speed 10 gigabit SFP+ fiber modules support full duplex at 10 Gbps and 1 Gbps.

Intel® PRO/100 Network Adapter Considerations

The settings available when auto-negotiation is disabled are:


Last modified on 3/11/09 2:20p Revision 12